- NAFTA reduced tariffs in which countries?
|China, Mexico, and the United States|
|Cuba, Canada, and Mexico|
|Canada, China, and the United States|
|Canada, Mexico, and the United States|
Which if the following statements is FALSE of Total Quality Management (TQM)?
|TQM is focused on improving product and customer service quality.|
|TQM is expensive to initiate.|
|TQM requires top management support.|
|TQM requires ISO 9000 certification.|
Which of the following statements is FALSE of Just-In-Time (JIT) manufacturing systems?
|Demand pull means a closer relationship with the customer.|
|The power of suppliers is reduced.|
|Warehousing space and equipment needs are reduced.|
|After process re-engineering, time to complete the product is reduced.|
What is the total time from when a product starts the production process until it is ready for sale called?
|Dedicated flow lines|
|Total Quality Management|
Typical quality improvements over the last twenty years include all of the following EXCEPT:
|electronic defect detection.|
|alteration of organizational architecture to increase local responsiveness to customer needs.|
|disbandment of robotic manufacturing systems.|
When a factory becomes organized around dedicated JIT production lines producing a single type of product, it is sometimes called _________.
|dedicated flow lines|
|Total Quality Management|
_________ volume is the amount the plant would have generated if each unit of product manufactured used precisely the standard units of volume allowed.
Carloff Cremes (CC) planned to sell 40,000 Queen size at $20 each and 20,000 King size at $15 each. Actual sales of the former were 45,000 and 25,000 of the latter, at $19 and $16 respectively.
Which of the following is TRUE of CC’s sales (quantity) variance?
The _________ perspective of the balanced scorecard represents shareholder/owners of the organization.
|internal business process|
|innovation and learning|
During its first year, Green Garden (GG), which operates a Just-In-Time production system, recorded the following costs (all data in thousands): materials purchased $3,360; direct labor, $670; and overheads; $3,200. Two thousand units were completed. At the year-end, 300 units were still in process. These were 80% complete with respect to materials and 50% complete with respect to conversion costs. Which of the following is the CORRECT journal entry?
|Dr. Wages payable $670 Cr. COGS $670|
|Dr. Raw and in process inventory $990 Cr. COGS $990|
|Dr. Raw and in process inventory $630 Cr. COGS $630|
|Dr. COGS $7,590 Cr. Accounts payable/cash $7,590|
The Milling Department uses standard machine hours to allocate overhead to products. Budgeted volume for the year was 36,000 machine hours. A flexible budget is used to set the overhead rate. Fixed overhead is budgeted to be $720,000 and variable overhead is estimated to be $10 per machine hour.
During the year, two products are milled. The following table summarizes operations.
|Product 1||Product 2|
|Standard machine per unit||2||1|
|Actual machine hours used||23,000||13,000|
Actual overhead during the year was $1.1 million.
Calculate all the relevant overhead variances for the department, and write a memo that describes what each one means.
Printers Inc. manufactures and sells a mid-volume color printer (MC) and a high-volume color printer (HC). Each MC requires 100 direct labor hours to manufacture, and each HC requires 150 direct labor hours. At the beginning of the year, 700 MCs are scheduled for production and 500 HCs are scheduled. At the end of the year, 720 MCs and 510 HCs were produced. Fourteen hundred too many hours were used in producing MCs and 3,000 hours fewer than standard were used to manufacture HCs. The flexible overhead budget is $2.9 million of fixed costs and $10 per direct labor hour.
a. Calculate budgeted volume.
b. Calculate standard volume.
c. Calculate actual volume.
d. Calculate the overhead rate.
e. Calculate the overhead volume variance, and discuss the meaning.
a. Budgeted Volume = Standard labor hours * Budgeted Units
MC = 100700 = 70,000, HC = 150500 = 75000
b. Standard Volume = Standard labor hours * Actual Units
MC = 100720 = 72,000, HC = 150510 = 76500
c. Actual Volume: MC = 70,000+1400 = 71400, HC = 75000-3000 = 72000
d. Overhead Rate = Fixed Budgeted Overhead/Budgeted Activity + Variable Rate
= 2,900,000/(70,000+75000) + 10 = $30
Overhead is applied on the basis of direct labor hours. Three direct labor hours are required for each product unit. Planned production for the period was set at 8,000 units. Manufacturing overhead for the period is budgeted at $204,000, of which 30 percent is fixed. The 26,200 hours worked during the period resulted in production of 8,500 units. Manufacturing overhead cost incurred was $220,500. Calculate the Overhead spending variance, overhead efficiency variance, and the overhead volume variance. Discuss the over meaning of your results.
Following are the formulas that should be used in solving the problem.
Overhead Spending Variance
(AOH) – (FOH + VOH x AV) =
Overhead Efficiency Variance
(FOH + (VOH x AV)) – (FOH + (VOH x SV)) =
Overhead Volume Variance
(FOH + (VOH x SV)) – (OHR x SV) =
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