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    University of West Indies Problem & Solution

    Comprehensive Problem

    Hamilton Company, which began operations on May 1, had the following transactions:

    May 1

        1
        4
        11
        15
        21
        24
        25
        26
    

    29 30 31

    Marc Nichols, the owner, invested $9,000 cash, $12,000 of office equipment, and a building valued at $75,000 in the business. The office equipment has a service life of 5 years and the building has a service life of 25 years.
    Paid $240 for a four-month insurance policy

    Received $660 from a client to render services over the next four weeks. Paid $400 for various computer runs.
    Billed clients for services rendered, $6,800.
    Received $5,200 from clients on account.

    Borrowed $7,000 from the bank.
    Received the May electric bill of $100 to be paid on June 4.
    Purchased $12,000 of new office equipment; paid $7,000 down and agreed to pay the balance in June. This office equipment will not be depreciated until June. Paid wages of the office staff, $4,700.
    Processed a $2,500 cash withdrawal for the owner.
    Recorded $1,000 of miscellaneous expenses that were incurred in May but will be paid during June.

    Hamilton’s chart of accounts follows.

    Cash110Unearned service revenue250
    Accounts receivable120Loan payable260
    Prepaid insurance130Marc Nichols, capital310
    Office supplies135Marc Nichols, drawing320
    Office equipment140Income summary330
    Accumulated depreciation: Office equipment141Service revenue410
    Building150Computer service expense510
    Accumulated depreciation: Building151Wage expense520
    Accounts payable210Insurance expense530
    Wages payable220Office supplies expense540
    Interest payable230Depreciation expense550
    Utilities payable240Utilities expense560
    Interest expense570
    Miscellaneous expense580

    Additional information:

    1. As of May 31, accrued interest on the loan amounted to $40, while accrued wages totaled $300.
    2. Since the last billing to clients on May 15, the firm had rendered $2,480 of services.
    3. Hamilton has earned three weeks of revenue from the prepayment on May 4.
    4. Office supplies on hand at month-end amounted to $200.
    5. Hamilton must pay $1,000 of the bank loan within the next year.

    Instructions

    1. Record the transactions of May in the general journal.
    2. Post the journal entries to the proper ledger accounts.
    3. Complete a work sheet for the month ended May 31. Be certain to analyze all data presented to correctly determine Hamilton’s adjustments.
    4. Prepare an income statement, a statement of owner’s equity, and a classified balance sheet in good form.
    5. Record Hamilton’s adjusting entries in the journal and post to the proper ledger accounts.
    6. Record Hamilton’s closing in the journal and post to the proper ledger accounts.
    7. Prepare a port-closing trial balance.

    SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM

    NameCash   A/C No.                  110.00
    DateDescriptionPost Ref. Debit  Credit  Balance 
    20X1     
    1-MayOpening Balance                               –                                 –  
    1-MayMarc Nichols, capitalCR            9,000.00              9,000.00
    1-MayInsurance Cash payment JournalCP                  240.00             8,760.00
    4-MayUnearned service revenueCR                 660.00              9,420.00
    11-MayComputer service expenseCP                  400.00             9,020.00
    21-MayAccounts receivableCR            5,200.00           14,220.00
    24-MayLoan payableCR            7,000.00           21,220.00
    26-Mayoffice equipmentCP             7,000.00          14,220.00
    29-MayWage expenseCP             4,700.00             9,520.00
    30-MayMarc Nichols, drawingCP             2,500.00             7,020.00
          
    31-MayClosing Balance                7,020.00
          
    NameAccounts receivable   A/C No.                  120.00
    DateDescriptionPost Ref. Debit  Credit  Balance 
    20X1     
    1-MayOpening Balance                               –                                 –  
    15-MayAccounts receivableJV            6,800.00              6,800.00
    21-MayAccounts receivableJV             5,200.00             1,600.00
    24-MayService revenueJV            2,480.00              4,080.00
    31-MayClosing Balance                4,080.00
          
    NamePrepaid insurance   A/C No.                  130.00
    DateDescriptionPost Ref. Debit  Credit  Balance 
    20X1     
    1-MayOpening Balance                               –                                 –  
    1-MayCASHCP                 180.00                  180.00
    31-MayClosing Balance                    180.00
          
    NameOffice supplies   A/C No.                  135.00
    DateDescriptionPost Ref. Debit  Credit  Balance 
    20X1     
    1-MayOpening Balance                               –                                 –  
                                       –  
                                       –  
    31-MayClosing Balance                                 –  
          
    NameOffice equipment   A/C No.                  140.00
    DateDescriptionPost Ref. Debit  Credit  Balance 
    20X1     
    1-MayOpening Balance                               –                                 –  
    1-MayMarc Nichols, capitalJV         12,000.00                              –            12,000.00
    26-MayCASH & ACCOUNTS PAYABLE          12,000.00                              –            24,000.00
    31-MayClosing Balance             24,000.00
          
    NameAccumulated depreciation:
    Office equipment
       A/C No.                  141.00
    DateDescriptionPost Ref. Debit  Credit  Balance 
    20X1     
    1-MayOpening Balance                               –                                 –  
    31-MayDepreciation expenseJV                  200.00               (200.00)
          
    31-MayClosing Balance                                –                 (200.00)
          
    NameBuilding   A/C No.                  150.00
    DateDescriptionPost Ref. Debit  Credit  Balance 
    20X1     
    1-MayOpening Balance                               –                                 –  
    1-MayMarc Nichols, capitalJV         75,000.00           75,000.00
          
    30-SepClosing Balance             75,000.00
          

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