Jacks Mining and Manufacturing Company (JMMC) leases from Emily Leasing Company three machines under the following operating lease terms:
- Machine 1: Lease period – 10 years, beginning April 1, 2005; lease peyments-$18,000 per year, payable in advance.
- Machine 2: Lease period – 10 years, beginning July 1, 2009, lease payments-$30,000 per year, payable in advance.
- Machine 3: Lease period – 15 years, beginning January 1, 2010, lease payments-$12,500 per year, payable in advance.
Required: Prepare the note to the 2011 financial statements that would be required to disclose the lease commitments of JMMC. JMMC’s accounting period is a calendar year.
Daniel Hardware Co. is considering alternative financing arrangements for equipment used in its warehouses. Besides purchasing the equipment outright, Daniel is also considering a lease. Accounting for the outright purchase is fairly straightforward, but because Daniel has not used equipment leases in the past, the accounting staff is less informed about the specific accounting rules for leases. The staff is aware of some lease rules related to a “90 percent of fair value,” “75 percent of useful life,” and “residual value deficiencies,” but they are unsure about the meanings of these terms in lease accounting. Daniel has asked you to conduct some research on these items related to lease capitalization criteria.
Provide codification references for your responses.
a) What is the objective of lease classification criteria?
b) An important element of evaluating leases is determining whether substantially all of the risks and rewards of ownership are transferred in the lease. How is “substantially all” defined in the authoritative literature?
c) Besides the noncancelable term of the lease, name at least three other considerations in determining the “lease term.”
d) A common issue in the accounting for leases concerns lease requirements that the lessee make up a residual value deficiency that is attributable to dmage, extraordinary wear and tera, or excessive usage (e.g., excessive mileage on a leased vehicle). Do these features constitute a lessee guarantee of the residual value such that the estimated residual value of the leased property at the end of the lease term should be included in minimum lease payments? Explain.
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