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    Debt vs equity financing

    Tukar Inc, a manufacturer of portable air conditioning units in phoenix, is planning to expand its operations due to increasing market demand. Using the EFN Model, Tukar will need 6.0 million to expand and decide whether to use debt or equity fiancing.  Debt can be sold at a cost of 10% while new equity can be sold at $32.00 per share.  As a consequence of an earlier IPO, the company has one million shares of below has been gathered for analysis and recommendation.


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    Air Conditioning Industry Ratios

    Current Ratio      2.0x

    Sales to total assets          2.1x

    Current Debt to total assets           36%

    Long-term debt to net worth          32%     

    Total debt to total assets   52%

    Fixed Coverage Ratio                   6.0x

    Net income to sales                      4%

    Return on total assets                   9%

    Net income to net worth   18%

    Balance Sheet –Tukar Inc           12-31-2006

    Assets:                                                              Liabilities:

    Cash     2,520                                                    Current liabilities            10,000

    A/R      10,520                                                   Long term debt (10%)      3,600

    Inventories         15,200                                       Total Debt                     13,600

    TCA     28,240                                                   Net Worth                      26,400  

    Net Fixed Assets 11,760                           Total liabilities   $40,000                        

    Total assets: $40,000

     Revenues                      80,000

    Net operating income       8,360

    Interest expense               360

    Earning before taxes         8,000

    Less: taxes (40%)                        3,200

    Earning after taxes            4,800

    a. estimate Turkar’s cost of equity capital using the CAPM, assuming that the risk free is 7%, the expected return on the market is 12% with an attendant beta of 1.66

    b. Determine and explain the market value of Turkar’s equity, price per share as well as its market value.

    c. What is Turkar’s current weighted average cost of capital (WACC), using the 10% cost of debt given earlier and the cost of equity calculated in part (a) assume no short term interest bearing debt.

    d. calculate the new financial structure and coverage relationships for expansion with debt and equity assuming that the percentage of net operating income to total assets remains the same.

    e. if debt financing is used, the cost of equity will rise to reflect the higher and hence a beta of 1.72. With equity financing, the beta will drop to 1.60 to reflect low risk. Given this, calculate and discuss the cost if equity under both the debt and equity financing alternatives.

    f. calculate the market value of equity and price per share under each financing method

    g. calculate and discuss the market value of Tukar under each financing option

    h. calculate and discuss the WACC under each method of financing

    1. based upon your activities above, which form of financing would you recommend for Tukar? Why?

    j. In a 2 or 3 paragraphs, discuss several major pros and cons associated with debt and equity financing.

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