Based on the journals below :
Boadway and Wildasin, Public Sector Economics, Second Edition, Little Brown, 1984.
Gruber, Public Finance and Public Policy, Second Edition, Worth, 2008.
Hillman, Public Finance and Public Policy, Second Edition, Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Hindriks and Myles, Intermediate Public Economics, MIT Press, 2006.
Kaplow, The Theory of Taxation and Public Economics, Princeton University Press, 2009.
Leach, A Course in Public Economics, Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Muller, Public Choice III, Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Rosen, Wen, Snoddon, Dahlby, and Smith, Public Finance in Canada, Third Edition, McGraw-Hill
SAMPLE ANSWER FOR QUESTION 2:
Free riding is a problem where there is either and underproduction of public good for people are not ready to contribute for it. Now because of the nature of public goods nobody can be excluded to consume them but provision of them is also necessary.
Now to avoid free riding problem market will try to use some mechanisms to sweep away the free riders like rationing mechanisms , toll ,special pricings etc. Now in such cases it will exclude people to consume them.
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