The act of self-evaluation and self-appreciation is self-esteem. The perception of one’s worth, derived from his thoughts, feelings and actions determines one’s self-esteem. Childhood experiences play a major role in the development of self-esteem. The interactions one has during his growing years with his parents, siblings, teachers, friends and neighbourhood has a profound impact on one’s self-esteem. Hence, the type of self-esteem one possesses reflects the kind of feedbacks they had received – positive or negative – in their early years. Stronger bonds in relationships usually fosters good self-esteem while constant criticism and teasing leads to low self-esteem.
Self-esteem is not a constant. It may vary depending on various circumstances. It generally increases with age, as one gets comfortable with himself. Children who have undergone any kind of abuse have damaged self-esteem. They develop psychological problems that affect their social life. It is imperative that they are identified and their psychosomatic problems treated. It is also found that physical illnesses and disabilities also contribute to low self-esteem in children. Children from dysfunctional families are also at risk and they need encouragement from outside to adapt themselves to the society they live in. Schools can play a pivotal role in such circumstances.
People with good self-esteem have honest and secure relationships. They are confident and feel worthy of themselves. They are found to be resilient and adaptable. They are open to ideas and feedbacks. They are realistic in their expectations and assertive in their expressions. Self-esteem is an indispensable emotion that defines a person and his stature in the society.
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